Everything listed under: Theology

  • Who Killed Jesus? Acts 3:13-18

    Who Killed Jesus? Acts 3:13-18This Easter season, read the accounts of the crucifixion of Jesus in the four gospels. Then answer this question, “Who killed Him?” If you want to light a political-religious firestorm, just mention casually that you believe that Jews are responsible for killing Jesus. Then hold your breath!

  • The Lord Prays - John 17:1-11

    John 17:1-11 - The Lord's PrayerHere are a few observations that may be helpful in unpacking this passage, commonly refered to as The High Priestly Prayer of Jesus. V1 – Purpose clause (ἵνα plus the subjunctive glorify. The Son’s cross work (“the hour has come”) purpose is to glorify the Father. I would argue that this purpose of glorifying the Father supersedes redeeming the elect discussed in v 2.Note two major concepts in v 1-11 – “give&rd...

  • Justification and Faith

    Dear xxx,Thanks for your patience with me in reviewing your paper. I appreciate your work and your desire to in all things glorify God, especially in salvation. I also appreciate your desire to cut it straight.

  • The Worshipping Wise Men

    Little Jesus – Big WorshipMatthew 2:1-12 Introduction In Jesus’ later life he asked the disciples “who do men say that I am”? (Matt 16). The replies ranged from John the Baptist, to Elijah, to Jeremiah, to a prophet.” Finally Peter confessed, “You are the Christ.” With that in mind, let’s look at Matt 2:1-12.The whole purpose of Matthew’s narrative of the magi visit to the babe in Bethlehem seems to be to demonstrate this truth – Jesus is the Messiah; the promised Redeemer, Savior, and...

  • The Curious Angels 1 Peter 1:12

    The Angels’ Christmas Curiosity 1 Pet 1:12 On the night of Christ’s birth an enthusiastic angelic choir shouted out the arrival of the Son of God. It is recorded in:KJV Luke 2:13And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, 14Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.Why were they so excited?They knew Jesus was Immanuel, God with us (Mt 1:23)They knew he came to save from sin (Mt 1:21)And,they were filled wi...

  • Peace Luke 2:14

    Peace, God, and UsLuke 2:14Introduction Read Luke 2:8-14. James Montgomery captured the spirit of this remarkable scene when he penned Angels From the Realms of Glory 200 years ago.Angels from the realms of glory, Wing your flight o’er all the earth;Ye who sang creation’s story now proclaim Messiah’s birth:Shepherds, in the fields abiding, Watching o’er your flocks by night,God with man is now residing. Yonder shines the infant Light. Come and worship, come and worship, Worship Ch...

  • Glory Luke 2:14

    Glory, God, and Us!Luke 2:14 Introduction Read Luke 2: 8-14.James Montgomery captured the spirit of this remarkable scene when he penned Angels From the Realms of Glory 200 years ago.Angel from the realms of glory, Wing your flight o’er all the earth;Ye who sang creation’s story now proclaim Messiah’s birth:Shepherds, in the fields abiding, Watching o’er your flocks by night,God with man is now residing. Yonder shines the infant Light. Come and worship, come and worship, Wors...

  • The Angelic Choir Luke 2:8-14

    Hark, the Herald Angels!Luke 2:8-14 Introduction KJV Luke 2:8And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. 9And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid. 10And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.

  • "And She Gave Birth" - Luke 2:1-7

    “And She Gave Birth”Luke 2:1-7Introduction Every December I find myself reading and re-reading Luke 2. I am so enthralled by this account of Jesus’ birth; I chastise myself for not somehow teaching this  passage every Christmas. Beforej uming into this amazing account of Jesus birth, let me share another story by way of constrast:Illust: A woman was doing her last-minute Christmas shopping at a crowded mall.

  • Apologetics Overview

    Brief Overview of Christian Apologetics Theory of knowledge  Observations regarding how human beings know anything:We must know what something is before we can know how something is.Absolute truth exists in the world in which man lives.Man can have true knowledge, albeit not comprehensive knowledge, of the universe, of God and of himself because he is a creature and because of revelation.All facts (truth) are God created, God related, and God interpreted. Thus, human beings cannot...

  • Right in the Eyes of God Romans 1:16-17

    Lessons from the Reformation Regarding How a Person Becomes Right in the Eyes of the Holy GodRomans 1:16-17IntroductionOne of the significant doctrines reclaimed during the Protestant Reformation is the Biblical teaching that justification is by faith alone – Sola Fide. We might express this concept with the question, how are sins forgiven? Or, how can a person be right before the holy God? This is the very core of the gospel itself. I don’t know of a more important and per...

  • Why the Reformation Still Matters

    Why the Reformation Still MattersDid Martin Luther Stand in Vain?Here I Stand On January 28, 1521 in the town of Worms in Germany, the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V of Germany, convened a council or “diet” at the demand of Pope Leo X. The primary purpose was to examine the teachings of Martin Luther, the young monk and professor, from Wittenberg, Germany. Dr.

  • Our Big God Job 42:1-6

    OK Lord, I Get ItJob 42:1-6 Overview of JobGod allows Satan to test Job (1-2). This results in him losing his family, health and possessions. But Job remained loyal to God. (God’s description of Job in 1:1,8 hasn’t changed - Blameless, Upright, Fears God, Shuns Evil - cf 1:22.)Job’s friends accuse him of sin (3-37) They point out that his suffering means he is guilty because righteous people don’t suffer.Job counters by proclaiming his innocence (3-37).&nbs...

  • The Gospel

    The Gospel2 Timothy 1:8-12 Introduction/Background v 8 What is the gospel? The gospel is widely misunderstood today – even among evangelicals.What is your relationship to the gospel? In 2 Timothy 1: 8 we encounter two actions...Do not shame the gospel – contra to NASV “do not be ashamed” – an act is in mind here – don’t dishonor or bring shame on the gospel (or the memory of Christ and his apostles)We do this by… disgraceful conduct and ...

  • Salvation is God's Business Jonah 2:8-10

    Let God Be God!Jonah 2:8-10 IntroductionRemember, Jonah is not about, the prophet himself, not about the people of Nineveh, not about evangelism, or any other feature found in the book. It is about God; his unexplainable, pursuing, mercy.Jonahs prayer in v 1-7 is a prayer of thanksgiving for God’s deliverance. While in the fish, he reflects on this deliverance.

  • Who is God? Jonah 4:2

    The Character of GodJonah 4:2A Glance at God’s Compassion during the Life and Times of Jonah, God’s Reluctant Spokesman IntroductionRemember the synopsis of the book: God sends Jonah to warn Nineveh of his impending judgment; instead Jonah refuses and flees from God; God throws Jonah into the belly of a fish; Jonah changes his mind; Jonah goes to Nineveh to preach; Nineveh repents; Jonah gets mad.The most important perspective to glean about the book of Jonah....The book is not primarily ab...

  • The Tomb and the Cross 1 Corinthians 1:18

    The Tomb Implies Death; Death Means the Cross 1 Corinthians 1:181.Those who embrace the cross are eternally safea)The concept of being saved - sw,|zwa.This is the opposite of “perishing”. The root concept is “rescue”b.Both a temporal sense from the river or a fire, or danger and an eternal sense as from damnation, or hell, or self. b)The reality of being saved - it is that we are rescued from something: (contrast with those who are perishing). Ultimately it is eternal torment in h...

  • The Tomb and the Cross Galatians 6:4

    The Tomb, The Cross, and Me Galatians 6:14 The Gospels typically make a simple statement about the actual death of Jesus, “And they crucified Him…” (Mat 27:35). Perhaps they don’t want to recount the horrible barbarianism. The atrocity of crucifixion is excruciating beyond imagination.

  • Relationship Between Baptism and Communion?

    Is Communion for Baptized Believers Only?  Who should be invited to participate in the the Communion Service of a given local church? I acknowledge that adherents to believers baptism and adherents to infant baptism will of necessity approach this and related issues with somewhat different nuances. I am answering this question from a credo-baptist perspective.Three views are prevalent among evangelical credo-baptist churches.

  • The Tree

    The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil 1. Re the tree of the knowledge of good and evil in the Garden (Gen 2:17) a. It seems to me that vs 15-16 makes it clear that the tree was a real tree. Adam was to actually cultivate the trees including this one. He was actually permitted to eat the fruit of the trees, except this one.  b. The narrative of the fall in chap 3 also makes most sense if all the trees are real trees.

  • Therefore!

    It’s All About Christ! Therefore having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Romans 5:1.  Paul comes up from the deep dive into the incredible truth of justification found in chapters 3 and 4 with the simple summary of 5:1– we are justified out of our faith. Clearly he answers the question we desperately need to know; how can a man be right with God?In consequence of being declared righteous in God’s sight (that&rsqu...

  • God or Us?

    Born of GodJohn 1:12-13 NASV (12) But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, (13) who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. If you have grown up in the church, you undoubtedly have often heard John 1:12 quoted in conjunction with evangelism efforts. Moreover, we should trumpet the fantastic promise given to men, “believe and be saved.” What a sim...

  • Calvinists

    I like Calvinists I owe the Calvinists a lot. I was raised a Wesleyan, became a five-point Calvinist in college, then returned to the Wesleyan approach in seminary. I had never heard of any other approach to life than Wesleyan when I ran into two mentors in college, Moses Yang and Ray Berrian.

  • Predestination and Evangelism

    Does Predestination Make Evangelism Unnecessary? If God has already predetermined that only certain people will be saved (unconditional election), then why should Christians bother to engage in evangelism and missions? Perhaps you have heard this question?

  • Ten Commandments #5 Exodus 20:12

    Honor Parents Exodus 20:12 NAS Exodus 20:12 "Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be prolonged in the land which the LORD your God gives you." Here are some thoughts: I. Children are required to treat their parents like heavy weights 12a A. Scales determine the Old Testament concept of honor.

  • Ten Commandments #4 Exodus 20:8-11

    Sunday Sabbath Exodus 20:8-11 Introduction With a unique sprinting style, Eric Liddell won the Scottish Championship 100 and 220-yard sprints from 1921 to 1924, and also dominated those events in the Triangular International Contests (including England and Ireland) three years in a row. Liddell joined the British Olympic Team going to Paris in 1924. At the Paris Olympics, Liddell dropped out of his best event, the 100-yard dash, because qualifying heats were being run on a Sunday saying, “I obje...

  • Ten Commandments #3 Exodus 20:7

    Using God’s Name Ex 20:7 Introduction "He made free use of Christian vocabulary. He talked about the blessing of the Almighty and the Christian confessions that would become the pillars of the new government. He assumed the earnestness of a man weighed down by historic responsibility.

  • Ten Commandments #2 - Exodus 20:4

    No Idols Exodus 20:4 Introduction Illust: "Sport is America's newest and fastest-growing religion, far outdistancing whatever is in second place," says Charles Prebish, associate professor of religious studies at Penn State. ...It is not merely "like" a religion, he argues, nor is it a "secular" religion, as other religion scholars… have postulated. To Mr.

  • Ten Commandments #1 Exodus 20:3

    No Other Gods Exodus 20:3 Introduction Following the death of the Egyptian first born, Israel was unceremonially booted out of Egypt in the middle of the night. Later they miraculously escaped the Egyptian Army at the Red Sea and began a 40-year trek through the desert. One of their first stops was at Mount Sinai. There, in anticipation of the receiving God’s instructions, the people enthusiastically declared, “All that the Lord said we will do.” So Moses went back up to the mountain to rec...

  • Ten Commandments - Introduction Exodus 19:1-25

    The Owner’s Manual for Life Introduction Exodus 19:1-25 Introduction Check any owners manual you have laying around the house. Most likely it contains detailed instructions regarding the operation of a given “thing.” It is an invaluable document. Prevents pain!

  • Repentance - A Mini Overview

    Repentance NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. Meaning: (Metanoew) normally viewed as a change of mind, is built from the root (no) meaning mind, think, or perceive plus the preposition (meta) meaning with, in the middle of, or after. Hence repentance is after knowledge.

  • Who Killed Jesus?

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. Who Killed Jesus? Acts 3:13-18 Here’s how the life of Jesus Christ came to an end: · He was an innocent man who was dragged before a tribunal on trumped up charges primarily because of jealously · The trial was illegal according to Jewish law · He was killed as a common criminal in the most inhumane manner conceivable · The Roman soldiers admitted at the crucifixion that he was a “righteous man” · Even Judas...

  • Spiritual Gifts

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. Are Spiritual Gifts for Today? Introduction The central issue of this brief study is whether or not any spiritual gifts are divinely dispensed to believers today.

  • Useless Theology

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. Twenty years ago I penned the following thoughts about the state of affairs in the church.  I am posting this article because of a conviction that the need to practice what we preach is still great!

  • Exclusive Nature of the Gospel

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. The Bible is replete with the notion that people must not put off pleading with Christ to rescue them from their sins, “ for He says, "… Behold, now is "THE ACCEPTABLE TIME," behold, now is "THE DAY OF SALVATION " 2 Corinthians 6:2 1 If it is true warning to believe “now” is true, then our responsibility  to tell people the gospel is pressing. There are a number of valid reasons for urgency in our perso...

  • Unconditional Election

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. There is general agreement that divine election is a biblical teaching, and that election is something God does. However, there is disagreement as to the basis or grounds on which God chooses.

  • Total Depravity

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication.   The question “Who is man?” must be clearly answered in order to formulate a biblical understanding of the doctrine of salvation. In a real sense, one’s anthropology shapes one’s soteriology.

  • Perseverance of the Saints

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. A Divine Perspective Perseverance of the saints is really a two sided truth. On one side is the notion that God actively preserves saints in a state of grace so they finally are saved in heaven.

  • Limited Atonement

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. The question answered by the biblical teaching called limited atonement is “What was the purpose of Christ’s death?” Or perhaps, “What did the Father intend to accomplish by sending the Son to the cross?” Specifically, the issue revolves around whether Christ’s death purchased salvation in all of its aspects (redemption, reconciliation, forgiveness, justification, etc.) for all men or only for the elect. The...

  • Doctrines of Grace Objections

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. Varied objections to Calvinistic soteriology are often raised, especially in typical western evangelical circles. These objections generally fall into two categories.

  • The Future

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. I sat speechless (well not really, but you get the idea) as the association of churches voted to never again debate the issue of divine election unto salvation. We were told the doctrine was too divisive!

  • Doctrines of Grace Overview

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication. Personal Questions  Several questions might be helpful in order to gauge our thinking about the broad concept of the doctrine of God’s grace. Are the following statements true or false?

  • Sufficiency of Scripture

    NOTICE: This article has not been prepared, formatted, or edited for formal publication.   The Bible is primarily God's gracious revelation of Himself to men. Man's knowledge about God, though derived from many sources, is incomplete apart from the special revelation of the Scriptures.