Session 13 - Justification Notes



Meaning: Dikaiwsij and its forms is based on the simple root dik meaning point, show, or right. Therefore, it verb for it is to deem right. Theologians have thus spoken in terms of declaring righteous.

 Key Uses The family of words is used 200+ in the New Testament. A summary of the significant salvific uses may be as follows:

General Character of Justification – A Mystery, 1Ti 3:16

Author of Justification

Positive – God, Luke 18:14; Rom 8:30

Negative – Man, Luke 18:14; 1 Cor 4:4

Source of Justification

Positive – Faith, Rom 3:28; 5:1

Negative – Law, Rom 3:20; Gal 5:4

Location of Justification

Christ’s blood, Rom 5:9

Christ’s name, 1 Cor 6:11

Spirit of God, 1 Cor 6:11

Agency of Justification

Grace, Rom 3:24

Redemption, Rom 3:24

Christ’s Resurrection, Rom 4:25

Faith, Gal 2:16

Recipients of Justification

Believing Ones, Rom 3:26; Acts 13:39

Elect Ones, Rom 8:33

Jew and Gentile, Rom 3:30

God, 1 Tim 3:16; Rom 2:4

Reasons for Justification

God’s mercy, Luke 18:14

Righteousness declared to us, Rom 3:26;5:16,18

Results of Justification

Peace with God, Rom 5:1

Saved from God’s wrath, Rom 5:9

Life, Rom 5:16,18

Security, Rom 8:33

Pure Body, 1 Cor 6:11

Hope of eternal life, Tit 3:7

Heirship, Tit 3:7

Good works, Jam 2:21, 25


 Justification is the basic act of God whereby he declares certain men as righteous and thereby justifies them. Believers are guilty by virtue of sin; they are deserving of the fair punishment for sin – eternal death. However, God acquits them. The declaration of their innocence is called justification. It is not that they are innocent. They are not. And God does not make them righteous or innocent. Justification deals with position or standing not with an actual condition.

How can this happen? Justification comes out of faith being made possible by the grace and redemption imparted by Christ’s resurrection. Many call this imputed righteousness; God credits the righteousness of Christ to the believer. In other words, the demands of the holy God are satisfied by Christ on behalf of believers. Sins are not overlooked by God. They are dealt with by punishment as they should be. However, this punishment is taken by Christ rather than us. It is in stark contrast to condemnation. This declaration occurs at the time of faith; however, it existed in God’s eternal plan.

Summary: To justify is to treat as righteous. God regards sinful people as righteous by crediting Christ’s righteousness to them. Romans 3:24.

© Copyright. Joseph Flatt. 2017. All rights reserved. May be used for educational purposes without written permission but with a citation to this source.

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