Session 14 - Hope Sanctification, Assurance, Adoption, Glorification Notes

Terms Describing the New Future


 Meaning: Hope (elpizw elpij) refers to looking for or expecting something in the future. The idea of a confident expectation is a good rendering.

 Key Uses The noun occurs 53x in NT. The verb 31x. Some salvific uses are:

 Hope is connected to the certainty of the future resurrection

Acts 23:6 But perceiving that one group were aSadducees and the other Pharisees, Paul began crying out in bthe 1Council, "cBrethren, dI am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for ethe hope and resurrection of the dead!"

Hope looks to the second coming and heaven

Colossians 1:5 because of the ahope blaid up for you in 1heaven, of which you previously cheard in the word of truth, 2the gospel

Titus 2:13 looking for the blessed hope and the aappearing of the glory of 1bour great God and Savior, Christ Jesus,

Hope is certain because it is focused on Godhead

Acts 24:15 having a hope in God, which athese men cherish themselves, that there shall certainly be a resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked.

1 Timothy 1:1 Paul, aan apostle of bChrist Jesus caccording to the commandment of cGod our Savior, and of bChrist Jesus, who is our dhope,

Hope has a “faith” flavor (The term is built on the same root (piq) as in “faith”.)

Romans 8:24 For ain hope we have been saved, but bhope that is seen is not hope; for who hopes for what he already sees?

Hope sounds a lot like faith NAU Hebrews 11:1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2 For by it the men of old gained approval. 3 By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible.

Hope in the future should have present effect

1 Peter 3:15 but 1sanctify aChrist as Lord in your hearts, always being ready bto make a 2defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the ahope that is in you, yet cwith gentleness and 3dreverence;


 The Christian hope is not an uncertain wish about the future. Neither is it merely optimism. It is a secure trust. In contrast to faith, hope deals with the future. Whereas faith speaks to our initial salvation as well as our ongoing life, hope is the certain anticipation of our ultimate salvation in glory.

For the believer, our hope itself is Christ; and the object of our hope is Christ.

Summary: Hope is expecting a future result. Believers possess a sure expectation of eternity. Colossians 1:5.


 Meaning: Sanctification words are all from the root, ag, meaning purify or hallow. The word (a[gioj = dedicated to God or sacred or holy) is the word from which all other family of words are derived: a[gismoj = process of consecration; a[giazw = to make holy, dedicatee or separate; a[giothj = sanctity or holiness; a[giwsunh = the state of holiness. Note also the synonym a[gnoj = free from defilement or pure and derived words. {Abbbott-Smith p 5-6}. Thus, the idea of holy, dedicate, consecrate, or set apart. “Holy” and “sanctify” are translation variations on the same family of words.

 Key Uses

 Sanctification is a product of the Holy Spirit’s work and the believer’s faith

2 Thessalonians 2:13 aBut we should always give thanks to God for you, bbrethren beloved by the Lord, because cGod has chosen you 1from the beginning dfor (eij) salvation 2ethrough (en) sanctification 3by the Spirit (genitive = subjective genitive = produced by the Spirit) and faith (dative = dative of means = by means of faith) in the truth (no preposition, no article but genitive = objective genitive = truth is the object of faith).

Sanctification is a product of the will of the Father and the work of Son

Hebrews 10:9 then He said, "BEHOLD, I HAVE COME TO DO YOUR WILL." He takes away the first in order to establish the second. 10 By (en) this will we have been sanctified (perfect passive participle) through (dia) the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

1 Corinthians 1:30 But 1by His doing you are in aChrist Jesus, who became to us bwisdom from God, 2and crighteousness and dsanctification, and eredemption,

Sanctification comes to believers as a gift attached to genuine salvation

Acts 26:18 to aopen their eyes so that they may turn from bdarkness to light and from the dominion of cSatan to God, that they may receive dforgiveness of sins and an einheritance among those who have been sanctified (perfect passive participle) by ffaith (dative of means) in (eij) Me.'

This passage and the three above make it clear that sanctification is a divine work associated with salvation itself rather than a separate act that may or may not take place. In other words, those saved are also the sanctified. Sanctification flows from genuine salvation.

Sanctification is code language for holy conduct

1 Thessalonians 4:3 For this is the will of God, your sanctification; that is, that you aabstain from 1sexual immorality; 7 For aGod has not called us for bthe purpose of impurity, but 1in sanctification.

1 Corinthians 6:9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, 10 nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God. 11 Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.


 Because sanctification is inseparable from justification, it is an actual reality, not a potential goal. This is true because of our connection to Christ (1 Corinthians 1:2 To athe church of God which is at bCorinth, to those who have been sanctified in Christ Jesus, 1saints cby calling, with all who in every place dcall on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours:). On the one hand, justification indeed makes us right with God. We are freed from the penalty of sin; no condemnation. On the other hand, sanctification means that every regenerate person is governed by holiness. His basic disposition and character can be described as holy. He is spiritual

However, sanctification must also be viewed as a process. We are sanctified, but we are being sanctified. Once a person is saved, he undergoes moral and spiritual change. The process of sanctification begins to free believers from the power of sin. This might also be called maturing in Christ or becoming like Christ

So, we are sanctified (1 Cor 1:2) yet we must be sanctified (1 Pet 1:16). Complete sanctification will not be realized until glory at which time we will be finally freed from the power of sin.

Summary: Sanctification implies being holy or set apart. True Christians are becoming more like Christ. 1Thessalonians 4:3


Assurance (Perseverance)

 Meaning: The Scripture term “assurance” (plhroforia) has the basic meaning of a complete or full load. It is made up of two terms (plhrhj meaning full or complete and forew < ferw to bear a load). It also occurs in the verb form (plhroforew) meaning to fulfill or accomplish. Thus, the term conveys the concept of the perseverance of believers. Some theologians often express this concept with the notion of eternal security.

 Key Uses (Noun uses 4; verb uses 6)

 Being assured of the future is a normal part of the believer’s salvation and confidence in God.

Colossians 2:2 that their hearts may be encouraged, having been knit together in love, and attaining to all the wealth that comes from the full assurance of understanding, resulting in a true knowledge of God's mystery, that is, Christ Himself,

1 Thessalonians 1:5 for our agospel did not come to you in word only, but also bin power and in the Holy Spirit and with cfull conviction; just as you know dwhat kind of men we 1proved to be among you for your sake.

Hebrews 6:11 And we desire that each one of you show the same diligence 1so as to realize the afull assurance of bhope until the end,

Hebrews 10:22 let us adraw near with a 1sincere heart in bfull assurance of faith, having our hearts csprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies dwashed with pure water.

Romans 4:21 and being fully assured that what God had promised, He was able also to perform.

The certainty of being assured is a broad teaching of the New Testament. (Several passages not containing the word “assurance” teach this).

Romans 8:38 For I am convinced that neither adeath, nor life, nor bangels, nor principalities, nor athings present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from athe love of God, which is bin Christ Jesus our Lord.

Biblical salvation, genuinely being rescued from damnation, is a permanent action. Note that the “any other created thing” is all inclusive. It includes the individual as well. So, the believer can’t do anything, not even sin, which results in the loss of salvation.

John 3:16 "For God so aloved the world, that He bgave His 1conly begotten Son, that whoever dbelieves in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. 36 "He who abelieves in the Son has eternal life; but he who bdoes not 1obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him."

If the life you profess to have doesn’t last, then the life you had was not eternal. Whatever you had was not from God.

John 10:28 and I give aeternal life to them, and they will never perish; and bno one will snatch them out of My hand.

Is it possible that Jesus had in mind an unspoken exception; namely, no one except ourselves?


 From one perspective, the genuine believer can never lose his salvation. He is both sovereignly saved by Christ and kept by Christ. The great links in the chain of salvation are connected inevitably to one another (predestination, calling justification, glorification: Romans 8:30 and these whom He apredestined, He also bcalled; and these whom He called, He also cjustified; and these whom He justified, He also dglorified.).

From another perspective, the genuine believer will in fact persevere to the end.

Summary: Being assured is being absolutely certain. True believers are assured a safe arrival in heaven. John 10:28


 Meaning: Adoption, uioqesia, literally means to put or place (qe) as a son (uioj).

 Use: The five uses of the term in the New Testament are as follows:

Adoption describes Israel’s special relationship to God

Romans 9:4 who are aIsraelites, to whom belongs bthe adoption as sons, and cthe glory and dthe covenants and ethe giving of the Law and fthe temple service and gthe promises,

Adoption describes the Christian’s present relationship to God as sovereignly determined by Him

Romans 8:14 For all who are abeing led by the Spirit of God, these are bsons of God.15 For you ahave not received a spirit of slavery 1leading to fear again, but you bhave received 2a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, "cAbba! Father!"

Galatians 4:5 so that He might redeem those who were under 1the Law, that we might receive the adoption as asons.

Ephesians 1:5 1He apredestined us to badoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, caccording to the 2kind intention of His will,

Complete adoption takes place at the consummation (see below regarding glorification)

Romans 8:23 aAnd not only this, but also we ourselves, having bthe first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves cgroan within ourselves, dwaiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, ethe redemption of our body


 Redeemed ones become part of God’s family through adoption as sons and daughters. God becomes the Father of his own people by this act of adoption. Elsewhere we are called his children (John 1:12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become achildren of God, even bto those who believe in His name; 1 John 3:1 See 1ahow great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called bchildren of God;)

Adoption is the bestowal of a standing, not the giving of a new nature as described by the new birth. It is a legal term of transference of a child to a family in which he did not belong by birth. As such, it refers to the spiritual position into which Christians are put because of God’s electing purposes.

Regeneration must logically precede adoption; that is, only a regenerated person may be a son of God. In a stereological sense, God is not the Father of all men.

Though we are part of God’s family, his sons, only Christ is a son by nature. In contrast, we were aliens. We did not deserve membership into God’s family and we couldn’t place ourselves into the family. Only God could perform the act of adoption.

Summary: Adoption is being placed as a son. Christians attain the position of children in God’s family. Romans 8:15


 Meaning: In extra-biblical use the verb, doxazw means to think; or an opinion in noun form ( doxa); whereas in the New Testament the term means to honor or extol or magnify; or brightness or splendor in the noun form (A/S 121). The term is almost always used to describe men’s praise or exaltation of God. However, it is also used in other significant ways including to denote the passion of Jesus or as a unique reference to the work of God in believers.

 Key Use: (Verb 61x; noun 166x). Select passages referring to the glorification of believers:

John 12:16 aThese things His disciples did not understand at the first; but when Jesus bwas glorified, then they remembered that these things were written of Him, and that they had done these things to Him;

This shows us that the term is connected somehow to resurrection establishing the use of glorification as a description of the future resurrection of believers.

Romans 8:30 and these whom He apredestined, He also bcalled; and these whom He called, He also cjustified; and these whom He justified, He also dglorified.

Glorification is still future; however, it is described in past tense (aorist) as if it already happened. Paul views glorification as a completed event in the mind of God – a done deal.

Romans 8:17 and if children, aheirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, bif indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him.

“Glorified with” is one word, sundoxa,zomai only NT use. So, our glorification takes place when Christ is ultimately glorified at the second coming. (Compare Ephesians 2:5 even when we were adead 1in our transgressions, made us alive together 2with Christ (bby grace you have been saved), 6 and araised us up with Him, and bseated us with Him in cthe heavenly places in dChrist Jesus,)


 Glorification is the completion of the salvation process. It is the final piece of salvation story - the final triumph over sin and death. The core doctrine of glorification is immortality – resurrection to life everlasting.

This culmination of salvation takes place at the future resurrection of our bodies, not at our death. Then we will be free from the consequences of sin.

 1 Corinthians 15:51 Behold, I tell you a amystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be bchanged, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for athe trumpet will sound, and bthe dead will be raised 1imperishable, and cwe will be changed. 53 For this 1perishable must put on 2athe imperishable, and this bmortal must put on immortality. 54 But when this 1perishable will have put on 2the imperishable, and this mortal will have put on immortality, then will come about the saying that is written, "aDEATH IS SWALLOWED UP in victory. 55 "aO DEATH, WHERE IS YOUR VICTORY? O DEATH, WHERE IS YOUR STING?"

End time events associated with the second coming and the renewal of creation (Romans 8: 20-23) frame the believer’s glorification

Philippians 3:21 who will atransform 1the body of our humble state into bconformity with 2the cbody of His glory, dby the exertion of the power that He has even to esubject all things to Himself.

Summary: Glorification refers to being honored or extolled. Christians anticipate a future resurrection to everlasting life in triumph over death. Romans 8:17

 © Copyright. Joseph Flatt. 2017. All rights reserved. May be used for educational purposes without written permission but with a citation to this source. 


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